Withstands heavy pruning and prefers full sun to partial shade. Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating. Saplings do not grow faster than older trees. Terminal growth on cherries may be faster than height growth, however, reaching rates of 4 to 6 feet per year with fertilization. Prunus serotina is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m (59ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a fast rate. When growing on a lawn or otherwise near grass, keep grasses contained to ensure they do not outcompete the wild cherry. Younger bark is shiny and has verticle lenticels. Black cherry is a 60 to 90-foot-tall native North American tree which has an oval silhouette. As low branches will often droop and touch the ground, you may prune the tree to remove them. Auclair, Allan N.; Cottam, Grant. Prunus serotina Common name: Black Cherry . Black cherry is a large, native tree found in the Midwest and throughout the eastern United States. Landscape uses Naturalizing Specimen. Site Requirements: Adaptable but prefers moist, well-drained soils. Fall color. Growth rate: fast Texture: medium 1. Inner bark has a bitter almond flavor. Terminal growth on cherries may be faster than height growth, however, reaching rates of 4 to 6 feet per year with fertilization. Birds and other wildlife, however, will eat the cherries, so they are valuable assets if you are trying to attract animals to the garden. Black Cherry ... Growth form. Prunus americana American Plum. Prunus serotina can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years. Fruits are bitter but can be used to make jellies and jams. In optimum conditions, it may even reach 100 feet, and the tallest tree ever recorded -- in Tennessee's Great Smoky Mountains National Park -- is 134 feet with a 70 foot spread. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. 3/8 inch purple-black cherries in drooping clusters that ripen in late summer. Wild cherry is often used as a shade tree and an ornamental tree, both for spring blossoms as well as fall color. 3-6 inches long pendulous racemes of many small fragrant white 5-petaled flowers that appear with the foliage in late April to May. Black Cherry (Prunus serotina) Sale Regular price $5.89 Quantity. Wild cherry is one of the tallest cherry trees, growing to heights of 50 to 80 feet. It is native to eastern North America, Mexico and parts of Central America, and is winter hardy to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. 2004 ), causing P. serotina individuals to follow quite uniformly the maximum growth rate curve. These are easily removed to create clearance beneath the canopy. She holds a master's degree in journalism. Yellow . Prunus serotina Ehrh. The black cherry tree has a rapid growth rate and produces fruit at a young age. Flowering Time Early Spring. Size and Growth Rate. Width: 15 to 25 feet wide. Can I Eat the Red Berries of a Chinese Pistachio Tree? Growth rate. Leaves are 2–5 in (5–13 cm) long, ovate-lanceolate in shape, with finely toothed margins. Native Americans used the inner bark to treat colds. A short-term harvest schedule was illustrated by Macmillan and Fairweather (1988) for an industrial forest ownership in northwestern Pennsylvania. Example. In the spring, small, white flowers mature. Growth habit: Pyramidal when young before becoming oval with maturity. [15802] 5. Prunus serotina (Black Cherry) Rose Family (Rosaceae) Botanical Characteristics: Native habitat: Ontario to North Dakota, south to Florida and Texas. Wild cherry grows quickly, usually adding 24 to 36 inches to its height in a single growing season. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Growth varies depending on soil fertility, light and water. Black Cherry is a medium-large, wildlife-friendly, flowering shade tree. Black Cherry is a deciduous tree that may grow 60 to 80 feet tall and is found in all parts of NC but grows best in the mountains. This document is adapted from Fact Sheet ST-516, a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Suitable Substitutions for Prunus serotina. The tree produces a round, dark purple fruit that matures in late summer. Tree size: Reaches a height of 50 to 60 feet. Another advantage is the high germination rate. The finely-toothed, deciduous leaves are dark green and shiny, changing in fall for a short period to lovely shades of yellow to red, but this varies with weather conditions and among seedlings. Its fast growth -- along with the shade it produces, its ornamental flowers in springtime and its value in attracting wildlife to the yard -- make it a valuable landscape tree in the home garden. The wild cherry (Prunus serotina), also called black cherry or wild rum cherry, is a quickly growing tree. Wild cherry prefers full sun to partial shade and a medium amount of water.