Pompeii joined the Italians in their revolt against Rome in this war and was besieged by the Roman general Lucius Cornelius Sulla in 89 bce. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (Chiara Goia) Pompei Scavi – Villa dei Misteri – located close to the ruins of Pompeii; Pompei Circumvesuviana – located directly behind the cathedral; Whenever we hopped on the Circumvesuviana line, we only had to pay 2,00 – 2,80 Euros depending on where we were going. This article is about the Italian city. Pompei is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples in Italy, home of the ancient Roman ruins Pompeii that are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Pompeii, A.D. 79 (probably October): a column of ashes and lapilli rises from Vesuvius. Pliny the Elder had rushed from Misenum to help the stricken population and to get a close view of the volcanic phenomena, and he died at Stabiae. Black Friday Sale! Onto two lines owned by the SFSM - Circumvesuviana, Pompei counts a total of 4 station. When Mount Vesuvius erupted in A.D. 79, the volcano's molten rock, scorching debris and poisonous gases killed nearly 2,000 people in the nearby ancient Italian cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Temporarily the exit for our visitors on the route “Pompeii for All” is Piazza Anfiteatro. Pompeii, Italian Pompei, preserved ancient Roman city in Campania, Italy, 14 miles (23 km) southeast of Naples, at the southeastern base of Mount Vesuvius. Pompei (Italian: [pomˈpɛi]; Neapolitan: Pumpeje [pumˈbɛːjə]) is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples in Italy, home of the ancient Roman ruins Pompeii that are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The eruption that destroyed Pompeii occurred on August 24, 79 CE. The bell tower was built between 1912 and 1925. Pompeii was built on a spur formed by a prehistoric lava flow to the north of the mouth of the Sarnus (modern Sarno) River. Updates? Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Torre Annunziata were collectively designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1997. Pompeii, a thriving Roman colony in Italy when it was destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, is in many respects a symbol of what archaeologists yearn to discover--an intact image of what life was like in the past. The top of the bell tower, which can be reached by taking a lift, allows visitors to enjoy a splendid view of the modern city, Mount Vesuvius and part of the ancient city of Pompeii. After the war, Pompeii, along with the rest of Italy south of the Po River, received Roman citizenship. The city of Pompeii is famous because it was destroyed in 79 CE when a nearby volcano, Mount Vesuvius, erupted, covering it in at least 19 feet (6 metres) of ash and other volcanic debris. Inside were some preserved remains of people sheltering from the eruption; others lay buried as they fled; bakeries were found with loaves still in the ovens. You can enjoy a n esspresso right after leaving the train, take a stroll across the market and after 10min you enter the archeologic site at the piazza anfiteatro. Pompei is served by the motorway A3 at the exits of Pompei-Scafati, Pompei Ovest (close to the ruins of Villa of the Mysteries) and also Castellammare di Stabia. The casts of what are believed to have been a rich man and his male slave fleeing the volcanic eruption of Vesuvius nearly 2,000 years ago, are seen in … A riot in the amphitheatre at Pompeii between the Pompeians and the Nucerians, in 59 ce, is reported by the Roman historian Tacitus. Additional pyroclastic flows and rains of ash followed, adding at least another 9 feet of debris and preserving in a pall of ash the bodies of the inhabitants who perished while taking shelter in their houses or trying to escape toward the coast or by the roads leading to Stabiae or Nuceria. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. On the Naples-Salerno line, owned by FS, is situated the main railway station and a little stop named Pompei Scavi (ruins of P.), closed in the 1970s. Pompeii's extensive necropolis sites were set outside the city, in order to separate the world of the dead, regarded as tainted, from that of the living. The ex-votos that cover the walls of the church are a testimonial of the miracles granted by the Virgin Mary since the church was consecrated in 1891. The ancient Roman city of Pompeii was located in what is now the Campania region of Italy, southeast of Naples. Around noon on August 24, 79 ce, a huge eruption from Mount Vesuvius showered volcanic debris over the city of Pompeii, followed the next day by clouds of blisteringly hot gases. Ancient History Encyclopedia - Pompeii, Italy, Pompeii - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Pompeii - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The buildings and their contents revealed day-to-day life in the ancient world—and stirred 18th-century interest in all things classical.