Pines are often featured in art, whether painting and fine art,[42] drawing,[43] photography, or folk art. At maturity the female cones are 3–60 cm long. The longest-lived is the Great Basin bristlecone pine, Pinus longaeva. [45] Many Chinese art works and/or literature (some involving pines) have been done using paper, brush, and Chinese ink: interestingly enough, one of the main ingredients for Chinese ink has been pine soot. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), pine resin is used for burns, wounds and dermal complaints.[35]. Pine trees are evergreen, coniferous resinous trees (or, rarely, shrubs) growing 3–80 m (10–260 ft) tall, with the majority of species reaching 15–45 m (50–150 ft) tall. [2] Pine may also refer to the lumber derived from pine trees; pine is one of the more extensively used types of wood used as lumber. Pine boughs, appreciated especially in wintertime for their pleasant smell and greenery, are popularly cut for decorations. bishop pine) need fire to regenerate, and their populations slowly decline under fire suppression regimens. Kingdom : Plantae Phylum : : Coniferophyta Class: Pinopsida Order: Pinales Family: Pinaceae Genus: Pinus Species: taeda L. Common name : Loblolly pine Description: Large tree, up to 46 m tall, crown cone-like to rounded. Pinus taeda  Juvenile leaves, which follow immediately on seedlings and young plants, are 2–6 cm long, single, green or often blue-green, and arranged spirally on the shoot. loblolly pine. Pines are gymnosperms. The genus is divided into two subgenera based on the number of fibrovascular bundles in the needle. Buds slender, covered by brown scales. This is called serotiny. 19: I will plant in the wilderness the cedar, the shittah tree, and the myrtle, and the oil tree; I will set in the desert the fir tree, and the pine, and the box tree together: 20: That they may see, and know, and consider, and understand together, that the hand of the LORD hath done this, and the Holy One of Israel hath created it. Forchem tall oil refinery in Rauma, Finland. Young trees removed during thinning are used for pulpwood or are left in the forest, while most older ones are good enough for saw timber. A picture portraying the turpentine industry. [9][10] The new spring shoots are sometimes called "candles"; they are covered in brown or whitish bud scales and point upward at first, then later turn green and spread outward. No. Pine trees, as well as other conifers, are mentioned in The Bible. Many pines are uninodal, producing just one such whorl of branches each year, from buds at the tip of the year's new shoot, but others are multinodal, producing two or more whorls of branches per year. [30][31]. A fully grown and freshly fallen female pine cone (Pinus strobus.). – Japanese black pine P: Species Pinus torreyana Parry ex Carrière – Torrey pine P: Subspecies Pinus torreyana Parry ex Carrière ssp. 2, is commonly known as Loblolly pine, or North Carolina pine, oldfield pine, bull pine, and rosemary pine. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. Female cones are woody and sometimes armed to protect developing seeds from foragers. Trees are normally planted 3–4 m apart, or about 1000 per hectare (100,000 per km2). The subgenera can be distinguished by cone, seed, and leaf characters: Each subgenus is further divided into sections and subsections. George Allan D.D.[41]. See list of pines by region for list of species by geographic distribution. 1: An Introduction to Growing Radiata Pine", "Impact on profitability, risk, optimum rotation age and afforestation of changing the New Zealand emissions trading scheme to an averaging approach", "Antioxidant activity and analysis of proanthocyanidins from pine (Pinus densiflora) needles". U.S. Weed Information; Pinus taeda . Pinus taeda, commonly called Loblolly pine, is a fast-growing, medium to tall conifer that is common to the southeastern U.S. where it typically grows from sea level to 2400’ in a variety of conditions ranging from poorly-drained low wet areas, bottomland forests and flatlands to well-drained upland soils. Bark: Old tree growing in the Congaree National Monument near Columbia, South Carolina, USA. Fattig P (2011-01-23). The female cones take 1.5–3 years (depending on species) to mature after pollination, with actual fertilization delayed one year. A growing female cone of a Scots pine on a mountain in Perry County, Pennsylvania. For other uses, see. insularis J.R. Haller – Santa Cruz Island Torrey pine P: Subspecies Pinus torreyana Parry ex Carrière ssp. Canary Island pine). The bark of most pines is thick and scaly, but some species have thin, flaky bark. The modern English name "pine" derives from Latin pinus, which some have traced to the Indo-European base *pīt- ‘resin’ (source of English pituitary). Some species have large seeds, called pine nuts, that are harvested and sold for cooking and baking. : Page(s): Publisher: ... Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Genus of plants in the conifer family Pinaceae, This article is about the tree. to Advanced Search and Report, Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010), National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. The seeds are mostly small and winged, and are anemophilous (wind-dispersed), but some are larger and have only a vestigial wing, and are bird-dispersed (see below). One species (Sumatran pine) crosses the equator in Sumatra to 2°S. [20] Pine pollen is also involved in moving plant matter between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.[20]. At maturity, the cones usually open to release the seeds. subgenus Pinus, section Trifoliae (Duhamel), subsection Australes (Loudon). "Tallest of the tall". [20] Nutrients from pollen aid detritivores in development, growth, and maturation, and may enable fungi to decompose nutritionally scarce litter. [6] An older tree, now cut down, was dated at 4,900 years old. [28][29] A prescribed fire in a European black pine (Pinus nigra) woodland, Portugal, Pinus sylvestris prepared for transport, Hungary. They often occur in mountainous areas with favorable soils and at least some water.[18]. [23], Many pine species make attractive ornamental plantings for parks and larger gardens with a variety of dwarf cultivars being suitable for smaller spaces. In some European languages, Germanic cognates of the Old Norse name are still in use for pines—in Danish fyr, in Norwegian fura/fure/furu, Swedish fura/furu, Dutch vuren, and German Föhre—but in modern English, fir is now restricted to fir (Abies) and Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga). Adirondack Indians got their name from the Mohawk Indian word atirú:taks, meaning "tree eaters". This how ever depends on the region, species and silvicultural techniques.