The American Dental Association recommends that an adult person should consume 3.0 g mg of fluoride (F^-) per day to prevent tooth decay. In the body, most fluoride is contained in bones and teeth. just create an account. Get access risk-free for 30 days, An error occurred trying to load this video. Sodium fluorophosphate is a chemical used in toothpaste to: a. make the paste white. Services. The first sign of fluoride deficiency is usually cavities. Yet, did you know that your teeth are constantly under attack from forces trying to break down their hard surfaces? To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. 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In children, this causes dental fluorosis, which is a condition caused by chronic excessive intake of fluoride, characterized by discoloration and pitting of the teeth. We mentioned that fluoride helps prevent tooth decay caused by acid-forming bacteria. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. © 2020 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA). Fluoride is a trace mineral that fights tooth decay that can be found in tea, toothpaste and fluoridated water, as well as foods cooked in fluoridated water. However, if you do have cavities, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you’re deficient in fluoride. Fluoride that you get from fluoridated water or food sources that contain fluoride makes its way into your body. An adult woman require less, needing only about three milligrams, and children require even less depending on how much they weigh. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? The trusted provider of medical information since 1899. Log in here for access. What is the chemical formula for fluoride? Fluoride. In adults, fluoride toxicity can result in skeletal fluorosis, which is a condition caused by chronic excessive intake of fluoride, characterized by skeletal changes. The legacy of this great resource continues as the Merck Manual in the US and Canada and the MSD Manual outside of North America. The deficiency of what leads to dental caries? has thousands of articles about every and possibly osteoporosis (a bone disorder which leads to a decrease in bone mass, and an increase in bone fragility), due to a lack of fluoride in the diet. After the teeth come in, the teeth of those affected by fluorosis may appear mildly discolored. If the fluoride is consumed as sodium fluoride (45.24 % mass), what amount of sodium fluoride contains the recommende, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Explain the benefits of fluoride for your teeth and bones, Understand how fluroide prevents cavities, Recall the recommended intake for fluroide, Describe the results of too much or too little fluoride. Learn more about our commitment to Global Medical Knowledge. Your teeth are very hard, just like your bones. Many undernourished people need nutritional support in order to provide calories as well as vitamins and minerals. terribly formed or weak teeth or increase in tooth cavities Select a subject to preview related courses: Most people are able to obtain safe levels of fluoride, but taking in too much fluoride, whether through habitual swallowing of toothpaste or through overuse of fluoride supplements can lead to fluoride toxicity. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Iron b. Fluorine c. Copper d. Zinc. b. keep the paste from spoiling. Fluoride found in your toothpaste reduces the acid production on your teeth, but you don't have to brush on fluoride to gain this benefit. Once you are done with this lesson you should be able to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Member. Therefore, fluoride toxicity may lead to kidney damage. Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 The deficiency of which of the following leads to dental caries? The addition of fluoride (fluoridation) to drinking water that is low in fluoride or the use of fluoride supplements significantly reduces the risk of tooth decay. Signs of Deficiency. The recommended daily intake for children six months of age or older is 0.05 milligrams per kilogram of body weight. - Definition, Functions & Examples, Essential & Nonessential Amino Acids: Difference & Roles, Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences, Praxis Health & Physical Education - Content Knowledge (5857): Practice & Study Guide, UExcel Science of Nutrition: Study Guide & Test Prep, Introduction to Nutrition: Certificate Program, TECEP Science of Nutrition: Study Guide & Test Prep, Political Science 102: American Government. The Merck Manual was first published in 1899 as a service to the community. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. In more severe cases, however, the teeth may have: People who only drink bottled water may also need to obtain fluoride from other sources since bottled water does not typically contain it. Having sufficient fluoride during this developmental stage is important and makes your teeth more resistant to the effects of the cavity-forming acids; and, fluoride continues to protect your teeth throughout your life. Please confirm that you are not located inside the Russian Federation. This is of particular concern during early childhood when the teeth are still developing. We refer to this tooth decay as dental caries, or simply, cavities. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. For instance, there may be lacy white markings that only dentists can detect. Most communities fluoridate the drinking water supply.