Here’s the formula: Subject + ne + aller +infinitive + personne/nulle part/ni/aucun. The French adverb has two parts: ne, which precedes the verb, and pas (or another word or phrase, see below), which follows it. All of the verbs used are Véronique Mazet has a doctorate in French from the University of Texas at Austin and is the author of two successful grammar books. ), If a verb is followed by a preposition, as in jouer avec (to play with), the placement of pas/second negative changes like this: subject + ne + verb + preposition + pas/second negative.  French-English dictionary Je ne mange pas ce soir. present tense of -er verbs We'll use the following That is, the equivalent of sentences in English with n't: I won't..., I don't..., I didn't... etc. ), In a negative command, ne and pas surround the verb, regardless of the absence of subject in the sentence. If you prefer, you may want to revise the This summary of the different kinds of negation and negation-related grammatical structures should help clear up some of the confusion. The most common negative construction in French is ne + verb + pas, … For example: Tu ne vas prendre aucun médicament. Common Negative Words and Phrases Negatives express not, never, neither… nor, no longer, no more, no one, nobody, only, and nothing. (They don’t have a dog. How to Conjugate Irregular –ir French Verbs, How to Form a Question in French Using Inversion. using the negative of the perfect tense. verbs and expressions: To form the negative sentences using these expressions, you need to Forming the negative may or may not include the word non (no). ), If a conjugated verb begins with a vowel, ne becomes n’. On this page, we'll look at how to form negative sentences in French where In French, you need two negative words, ne (no) and pas (not), to make a sentence negative. For example: Je n’ai aucune idée! The title of each negation category links to a detailed lesson with examples of usage and a quiz. I don’t eat tonight. Saying don't..., doesn't... in the present tense Here’s the formula: Subject + ne + conjugated form of être or avoir + pas + past participle. When the verb is inverted, pas follows the subject pronoun. Negative sentences in French On this page, we'll look at how to form negative sentences in French where a "total negation" is being expressed. Pas can be replaced by other negative words, such as jamais (never), personne (no one), and rien (nothing). (You aren’t going to do anything this weekend.). (I never see him. The basic way to form a negative sentence in French is as follows: We'll see various complications later, but here are some examples with This is referred to some French teachers as a ne pas sandwich. In the passé composé, the second negative words personne (no one), nulle part (nowhere), ni (neither/nor), and aucun (none) + noun go after the past participle, not before. For example: Il ne joue avec personne. For example: Rien n’est important (Nothing is important) and Personne ne fait la vaisselle (Nobody does the dishes). There are other similar constructions to ne...pas used to form you get the correct form depending on the person. For example: Ils n’ont pas de chien. 2. For example: Vous n’allez rien faire ce weekend. Les phrases négatives A negative sentence (une phrase négative) allows us to negate a statement, express disagreement, make contradictions or deny the occurrence of an event or action. a "total negation" is being expressed. the present tense: If the verb begins with a vowel, then ne shortens to n': You can practise some simple negative sentences below. Je ne mange pas. If you’re new to French and looking for information on how to form negative sentences you’ve come to the right place. For example: Nous n’avons vu personne. ), Use aucun/aucune (absolutely no/none whatsoever) as the second negative word in a sentence to insist on the zero quantity. French negation can be a bit of a challenge. Like English, double negatives are not used in French; however, in French, a negative is generally made up of two parts, which must be placed properly. Here’s the formula: Subject + ne + conjugated form of être or avoir + past participle + personne/nulle part/ni/aucun. Here’s what else you need to know in order to make a French sentence negative: For example: Ne fais pas ça! For verbs in the futur proche (near future), keep in mind that the conjugated verb is aller (to go), so you place the two negative words around it, like you do with a regular negative. (You don’t play. regular. In English negation, the helping verb "do" must be added to most verbs . Here’s the formula: Rien or Personne + ne + verb. There are two main differences between French and English negative adverbs: 1. That is, the equivalent of sentences in